Professor Helen Chan at FELMI-ZFE

Breaking News 16 January 2017

Physics Colloquium

Novel Applications of Redox Reactions in Metal Ceramic Systems
Helen M. Chan

Fulbright Visiting Prof. (FELMI-TUG) and Dept. Materials Science & Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem PA
17:15 – 18:15 Tuesday 17 January 2017 TUG P2

This talk will discuss two widely different applications of oxidation-reduction reactions. The first of these relate to the synthesis of novel ceramic-metal nanostructures1,2, the second to oxygen transport measurements in alumina doped with so-called reactive elements3,4.
1) Unique microstructures, comprising interpenetrating mixtures of metallic and ceramic phases can be achieved from the reduction of complex oxides of the type MIMIIOx+y. The less stable oxide is reduced, leaving the metal (MI), and the other oxide (MII Oy). Examples of ceramics which have been shown to be amenable to this approach include CuAlO2 (delafossite) and CoTiO3. CuAlO2 is of interest to the electronics community because it is a p-type transparent semiconductor. Processing of the bulk precursor oxides will be discussed, together with the influence of reduction conditions on the resulting ceramic metal structures.
2) During the oxidation of high temperature alloys, a slow-growing, protective alumina surface layer forms in-situ. The rate of growth of this layer is critical to the degree of oxidation resistance of such alloys, as well as to the lifetime of thermal barrier coatings. Certain additive elements (e.g. Y, Hf) can have a beneficial effect on the oxidation rate; this is the so-called reactive element (RE) effect. The rate of oxygen transport was probed by testing model alumina samples (both doped and undoped) containing a fine dispersion of Ni marker particles. A comparison of the oxidation rate constants and activation energies will be presented for undoped and RE -doped alumina, and discussed in terms of the grain boundary segregation behavior of these elements.

1. M. Kracum, A. Kundu, M.P. Harmer and H.M. Chan, “Novel Interpenetrating Cu-Al2O3 Structures by Controlled Reduction of Bulk CuAlO2” J. Mater. Sci., 50 (2015) 1818-24
2. Z. Yu, M. Kracum, A. Kundu, M.P. Harmer, H.M. Chan, “Microstructural Evolution of a Cu and θ-Al2O3 Composite Formed By Reduction of Delafossite CuAlO2: A HAADF-STEM Study,” Crystal Growth and Design, 16 (2016) 380–385
3. Q. Wu, H.M. Chan. J.M. Rickman, and M.P. Harmer, “Effect of Hf 4+ Concentration on Oxygen Grain-Boundary Diffusion in Alumina,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 98 (2015) 3346-51
4. Z. Yu, Q. Wu, J.M. Rickman, H.M. Chan and Martin P. Harmer, “Atomic – Resolution Observation of Hf-doped Alumina Grain Boundaries,” Scripta Mat. 68 (2013) 703-706

26 September 2016

Professor Helen Chan at FELMI-ZFE

2dsc_7382We are very pleased to welcome Helen M. Chan, former chair of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Lehigh University! She was awarded a Fulbright U.S. Scholar Program grant to teach in Austria in the 2016–2017 academic year, more precisely during the winter semester. At FELMI-ZFE Chan will pursue her research on ceramics and give a lecture about materials characterisation starting in November.

The Fulbright Program is an international educational exchange program sponsored by the U.S. government. It offers university faculty year- or semester-long grants to research and teach overseas, as well as short-term consulting grants. We are looking forward to months full of intercultural exchange, learning from each other, getting a better insight into the European and US-American academic environment.

Dr. Chan is the New Jersey Zinc Chaired Professor at Lehigh.  She is a Fellow of the American Ceramic Society, and has previously served as Chair of the Gordon Research Conference on Solid State Ceramics (2008).  Dr. Chan has served as an Associate Editor for the Journal of the American Ceramic Society since 1999, and is a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Materials Science.

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Helen Chan at the Lehigh University
Lecture at the Graz University of Technology: Materials Characterization II